Strikingly beautiful Abyssinian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds in the world and one of the most popular. Abyssinian – its young, long-haired version, somali cat – unique in the feline world in that it is a sample of their hair based on a single gene mutation that does not in any of the other purebred breeds.
The gene, known as the Abyssinian and is named Ta. The gene is one of a series of agouti alleles and gives every hair several dark stripes of color, evenly distributed on a brighter background. The result is a stunningly beautiful Abyssinian (ticked) pattern fur, like that of the African wildcat.
Striped markings trace can be found on the head, and sometimes in the tail and feet. This breed also has a unique body shape: long and thin, yet strong and, given that it certainly has an oriental type of body, it is much less pronounced than that of a Siamese cat.
As in the case of many older breeds, it is not known where exactly stimulates the Abyssinian. Some fans think that comes from the Nile valley, because they have the same body type as well as a cat whose paintings and sculptures appear in the art of ancient Egypt. Abyssinian they first arrived in Europe in 1868, when British soldiers returning from the war in Ethiopia, in England brought a cat named Zula.
It is likely to start the breeding program whose foundation was Zula and other imported cat of unknown origin, but similar designation, because it was a period of great political, economic, cultural and scientific interest in North Africa.
These cats were known under a variety of names, including ‘rabbit cat’, certainly because his fur was similar to rabbit fur. In France, even today coat color standard yellow (as it is called in the US) or normal (as it is called in the UK) – a rich golden brown with black stripes on each coat – called rabbit.
Yellow / common Abyssinian cats are genetically a black cat, a ‘reddening’ give the hereditary genes for red. This group of genes, modified orange color so that a deep red. They also seem to some other pigments, and formed sumptuous color ‘exhibition’ striped cats and warm chestnut shades Abyssinian cats.
The breed appeared in other colors. Red Abyssinian, which is now called ginger Abyssinian, was registered in 1887 as a copper-red with stripes light chocolate-brown undercoat and apricot.
The reason for the name change is the fact that it is clear now that the color code Abyssinian cat is not the result of real action, with sex-linked gene for red color – actually made no real red, but the result of action of recessive genes for light brown color (bl). The term ‘red’ is reserved for cats red color, which is associated with sex, because nowadays grown ‘real’ red Abyssinian cat.
A similar change of name occurred in cream Abyssinian cats: it was discovered that the cream color is not the right cream is associated with sex, but paler version fritillary. Cream has been changed to a tan, but then the breeders presented right cream color associated with sex – and called the cream Abyssinian!
In the UK, the only true red and true cream cats accepted in exhibitions, while some other associations accept these colors, Reed and tan, as well as some other new colors, such as chocolate, blue and purple (diluted shade of chocolate).
Abyssinian cat was recognized as a breed in 1882, and Britain was nearly exterminated during World War II, but in 1917 the first Abyssinian cats registered with CFA s in North America. Until the thirties the breed gained a firm foothold in the US, where today is perhaps the most popular breeds.
It is also one of the most expensive breeds because Abyssinian cat usually has little kitten, even less of oriental breed – an average of about four. Furthermore, reportedly give birth more males than females Abyssinian cats, and they ripen more slowly than most other breeds, with the exception of somali cats so the hair samples may nekolikogodina not see.
Abyssinian cats have a very lively and alert look. The head is wedge-shaped, the eyes are almond-shaped and green, hazel or amber, flanged dark brown or black, with the outside, lighter ‘glasses’ of lighter hair. Unfortunately, those beautiful eyes can suffer from inherited forms of retinal atrophy, blindness, which is more common in dogs than in cats.
Ears Abyssinian cats are large, widely spaced, and the curvature of the tufts are like a lynx, which is very desirable in this breed, because they emphasize their special appearance. The tail is as long as the body is covered with shaggy fur, and gently tapering towards the top, while the hair is joined to the body, fine but not soft.
Mild and affectionate – though not quite ready to share their home with other cats – are ideal for society, but also know how to be playful. They are naturally supple and love to climb. They are usually quiet, but Abyssinian cat have a very distinctive voice, which many describe as a ‘bell’.