Aquarium are a wonderful hobby, provide hours of relaxation and pleasant entertainment. With them, children can learn about ecosystems while also helping to cope with everyday stresses. Of course, aquariums require particular attention, and will this help text if you decided to start to deal aquarists.
First of all, you should consider whether you will be able to give your fish the necessary care, time and patience will be necessary. Fish can take away a lot of time and finances since they need special attention, as well as special equipment. If we take into account that different fish have different needs, going to the library, the library, surf the Internet and catalogs, can be a good starting point. Whatever type of fish you choose, you should pay attention to the above twelve points.
1. The initial cost and type of fish.
Keeping aquarium fish can initially be quite expensive. This is mainly because in the beginning you need a lot of different equipment to ensure proper fish environment. Shopping aquariums, filters, lights, and other basic things, can quite surprised by the final bill, if not contempt. Same fish can be very cheap, but also very costly if it is a special or rare species.
For beginners enthusiasts who plan keeping freshwater fish, an initial stake would be about 200 euros upwards, depending on the fish species and their needs. Marine (saltwater) fish and aquariums with this set-up costing more than the freshwater aquariums. In both cases, the rule is that the larger aquarium will be more expensive.
Typical tropical freshwater aquarium can easily support one inch of fish per gallon of water although this will vary depending on the quantity of water surface (higher water surface allows more air, more fish). The size of fish by which to measure the size of which reaches the stage of full maturity, not counting the tail.
Some fish may not wish to share a tank with other fish of its kind. Also, if you are territorial – as most marine and some freshwater fish can be – they will need more space in the aquarium of the listed units (inch per gallon). How marine, and freshwater aquariums have their advantages and disadvantages. Marine fish tend to have a vibrant and beautiful colors require a high level of care and attention, and for a beginner, enthusiasts recommend freshwater fish. Aquariums for these fish are easier to maintain than the sea since they have a less chemical balance that should be taken into account.
2. The size and location of the aquarium
A good way to determine the size and type of aquarium that will best suit the needs of its population, is to determine which fish you put into it. A further option would be conditioned room for an aquarium, as well as your budget. But, generally speaking, the bigger aquariums are always a better solution.
If you buy a larger tank than you think you need in the beginning, you will have more space for the subsequent addition of the fish, if you decide to do. A larger aquarium will also have more water, which accelerates the breakdown of chemicals and other substances that may be present in the tank and cause disease. No matter what size aquarium you choose, try to save it to raised, its rugged surface, and where there is no danger of derailment.
You should also keep the tank away from heaters, windows, doors, to avoid adverse changes in temperature. The close window is also dangerous for the aquarium, as it can allow light penetration to the aquarium. Too much light affects the development of algae.
3. Patience and nitrogen cycle
Water will remain in the same condition as it was when you first put in the aquarium. The moment you add the fish in the aquarium, their droppings will start producing certain hazardous particles. Fortunately, nature has devised a way to bacteria convert toxic material in a relatively safe substance. This process is called the nitrogen cycle. Fish secrete toxic ammonia breathing and decomposing feces and uneaten food produces additional ammonia. At the beginning of the nitrogen cycle, a particular bacterium converts ammonia to nitrite (which may also be harmful), which are then converted into nitrate. Excess nitrate can be controlled by regular changing of water.
The bacterium that is essential for this process to grow on the surface of the filter and gravel or substrate and this process can take up to six weeks, beginning on the first day when you add the fish in the aquarium. (And longer if the aquarium requires a lower temperature). The development of a sufficient number of bacteria to maintain a healthy aquarium environment requires time and patience newly aquarium hobbyists. It will take the time to complete the nitrogen cycle. There are a few tips on how to achieve this. The first rule does not rush. This primarily means that initially only add some plants.
After about two weeks, add several resistant fish that is tolerant to a variety of changes in the aquarium. In the beginning, you should have less fish than the tank can hold, and later, after a few weeks, you can easily add new fish, allowing the bacteria in the reconstruction of (recycled) in the meantime. Each step must be carefully monitored, and gradual, in order to have bacteria, is enough time to develop and to prevent an increase in waste and harmful substances. As long as the nitrogen cycle is functioning normally, you will be calm and you and the fish.
It would not be bad to have the equipment to test the ammonia to track whether the nitrogen cycle normally takes place, the regular testing of water. While you will certainly be tempted to make changes in the aquarium, it is important not to do that unless the level of ammonia and nitrite becomes unbearably high for a longer period of time (temporary high levels of ammonia and nitrite are part of the process).
You should avoid too many fish in the beginning of the nitrogen cycle because it will disrupt the growth of bacteria. As the cycle progresses naturally, fish that is at this point in the aquarium can gradually get used to the changes occurring in the water, with a slight increase in ammonia and nitrite. For new fish, the same amount of ammonia and nitrite can be deadly. When the nitrogen cycle has finished, your aquarium will be able to maintain a safe and constant level of ammonia and other chemicals as long as there are enough bacteria. Maintenance of bacteria may speed up a certain type of filtration equipment that you choose.
4. Equipment for filtration.
Choosing the right equipment for the filtration is one of the most challenging, but also very important choices that will have to make. In essence, the aquarium filters work in three different way. Biological filtration takes advantage of the natural bacterial process that is part of the nitrogen cycle. Biological filters provide greater surface area for the creation of good bacteria, ensuring that water passes through the colony, and protect the bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle. Mechanical filtration helps remove unwanted particles from the aquarium. This may include fish feces, sludge, uneaten food, or dust. The water in the tank passes through a mechanical filter and entails the particles to be removed.
The filter should be cleaned daily in order to prevent accumulation inside it. Chemical filtration can remove some dissolved waste from the water by a mechanical filter can not. When water passes through a chemical filter, these particles bind to parts of the filters, which they later expelled from the aquarium.
Several filters are on different combinations depending on the filtration method:
- Canister filters include various types of filtration media under pressure to achieve the three types of filtration. When under pressure, the water pushes through the medium through which otherwise would not have passed, and this process provides good mechanical filtration. Biological filtration has enabled various types of media, such as ceramic rings and sponges. Chemical media may be of carbon or resin, or combinations thereof. The canisters are slightly more difficult to maintain, but are flexible when it comes to different media, and provide the best mechanical filtration.
- Filters to provide electricity amenities filter that hangs on the tank, and is easier and changing media. Most of these filters have a cartridge containing the used filtration media. Some will use a type of biological filtration such as sponges or bio-point. It is generally good filters for smaller aquariums (250 liters or less).
- Dry / wet filters that are used as biological media, such as bio-balls and bio-wheels, are very effective types of biological filters. These filters allow optimal biological filtration and gas exchange. Usually, for filtration media are sponges and other media used for mechanical filtration. If desired, can be added and chemical filtration.
- Fluidized filters are similar to dry / wet filters in effect biological filters. However, they accomplish this in various ways. Using sand or a similar synthetic media, produce very large surface area on which bacteria can grow. Sand filters do not produce any other type of filtration. They are compact and almost does not require any maintenance. Ideal as a supplementary filters for containers, or rather stocked aquariums.
5. Ultraviolet (UV) sterilizers.
UV sterilizer can not be used for the purpose of preventing the growth of algae, bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and even certain. These sterilizers have or germicidal UV lamp that emits ultraviolet rays responsible for the destruction of some organisms, depending on the amount of ultraviolet rays that are exposed. Since water flow through the sterilizer, power and sterilizers diameter, the size of the aquarium depends on how effectively organisms to be destroyed. UV sterilizers are particularly useful in aquariums with reefs, as well as for those with purely marine fishes.
For certain freshwater aquariums can be used UV
sterilizer, although not a necessary piece of equipment. If it is a larger autoclave, used to control parasites and bacteria, keep in mind that will produce more heat, and, therefore, require a chiller for large aquariums decorated reefs.
6. Aquarium lighting.
Adequate lighting is essential for aquariums containing live plants or marine animals. Good lighting will also cause the entire setup of the aquarium and its inhabitants, looks attractive. Because these animals are no longer under influence natural sun light, ensuring adequate artificial lighting is essential for the good general health of the fish.
7. Heaters and thermometers.
Regardless of which you choose for aquarium fish, you need to pay attention to the temperature requirements. The water temperature in the tank has to be constant, its frequent changes can upset the fish, which can easily undermine health, that is – will benefit the emergence of the disease. Most fish need temperatures between 23-26 ° C. If you have only one type of fish in the aquarium, you will find it easier to comply with their temperature requirements. If you have more than one type, set the temperature to 24-25 °C. Marine aquariums may require more attention to maintain a constant temperature, since they need more light, which is already heated water.
8. Equipment for testing water and adding different chemicals
Good balance of your aquarium depends on the quality of water in it. You can obtain a variety of chemicals and additives that help to maintain the proper balance that is necessary for good water quality. Depending on the fish you choose, you may be required specific pH adjusters, with little or additives. Water purifiers are needed to be cleaned of chlorine and other dangerous chemicals from tap water. Test equipment is essential to determine water quality.
9. Food and supplements.
Nutrition is an essential element in maintaining the health of the inhabitants of the aquarium, and the ideal diet is mainly those that can be found in the shops, in the form of dried flakes. This food is enough for your fish, but feeding her every day, you can compare and monotonous diet that you are consumed (perhaps that would be enough to eat rice every day for survival, even if it means a lack of certain nutrients, and monotonous, boring food). There are several options when it comes to feeding the fish, but it is important to remember that the best-varied diet. Plan how you can change the food from time to time with the vitamin. In this way, the fish will provide all the necessary nutrients, and keep them in active condition. Some owners prefer live food, which has both advantages and disadvantages, although it is not recommended for beginners. Frozen food and granules are a good alternative, as well as zooplankton.
10. Control of health.
Diseases are subject to all living beings. From time to time, your fish can get sick. Although you will initially feel helpless, do not worry. There are several ways to help your pet. Although most of the treatment depend on the specific disease, it would not be bad at the beginning provide an aquarium that will serve as a quarantine (can also be used when adding new fish to the aquarium). By separating the sick fish, will accelerate the healing process, but will also reduce the risk of the disease spreading to other fish. Fish diseases can be caused by various things. The most common reason is a fungal disease, bacterial and parasitic infections. For each of these types will require different types of treatment, and it is best to have medication on hand and before the occurrence of the disease.
11. Buy healthy fish to start.
Before buying fish, it will be necessary to prepare the aquarium and leave some 3-4 weeks in order to complete the nitrogen cycle, and to determine that all mechanical equipment is functioning properly. When everything is prepared, the fish can be purchased at stores tested. You should decide what kind and what amount of fish you want to buy, and thus avoid that allows the seller to sell something inappropriate. Do not forget that in the beginning should buy some durable fish, and then, after a few weeks, add more, if desired. There are a few things you should keep in mind when shopping.
- Be careful.
- Be active but not hyperactive or unstable.
- Have your eyes blur.
- To have a rounded, but not bloated stomach.
- To have fins, that are in good condition.
- To breathe continuously, without stopping.
- To look smooth and colorful, without unnatural blemishes and excess mucus.
Make sure that as soon as you get home, or ask the seller to add more water in the bag if you need more than fifteen minutes to get to the house. Insert the bag containing the fish in the aquarium, in order to gradually get used to the temperature change. And, if you set the pH level and the level of other chemicals, gradually add the aquarium water into the bag containing the fish in the next hour to give the fish time to adjust. As a general rule, a tropical freshwater aquarium safely supports inch of fish per gallon of water, although this can be increased with larger aquariums.
12. Do not forget to plants
Although some newly aquarists can be scared of holding the plants, the real need for that fear does. If you decide for some hardier species, they can survive in most aquariums, and are additionally useful in controlling algae and improve water quality, reduce tensions in fish, but also for aesthetic reasons – the aquarium will look more natural and beautiful. If you decide to plant, ensure lamp of 1.5 watts or one lamp per gallon of water (2-3 watts). This will require you to get at least double row of lamps, or compact fluorescent, which is not common for beginners, but it is worth the extra cost.
By following these simple rules, your aquarium should be ready for 6-8 weeks. Remember that the larger aquariums easier to control and allow greater variation when it comes to fish. While the aquarium from 45 liters to look like a bargain, tank volume 131 liters will be better for beginners and will provide the better environment for your fish, as well as the possibility of different types.