Green Anole belongs to one of the best-known lizards in North America. There are more than 300 species of anole in the world, more than half can be found in The North, Central and South America. Green anole Green anole are the only anole from the United States. Although not closely related to true chameleons, green anole is often called “chameleons” or “American chameleon” for his ability changing colors.
Originally from the United States, green anole can be found in the southeastern states of North Carolina to Florida, through Texas. Green anole lizards are arboreal, most of them are on the trees and bushes, and will find a way to come to fences and walls.
Green Anole small lizard that grows to 12.7 – 20.3 cm length. It can have a long tail, long claws, and a lighter color around the neck and throat.
Green anole has the ability to change color from shades of green and brown. These color changes are not used for camouflage, they are indicators of stress or mode of communication. For example, happy green anole is green. When active, the green color becomes more pronounced. When they are cold or show social inferiority, it changes color to brown. When you are aggressive, it will be clear green with dark brown stripes behind the eyes.
Males green anole have a fan-shaped neck, or chin, ranging in color from pink to white. During intercourse and defense of the territory, the males expand their fan-shaped neck, in order to highlight the colors. Green anole lives about 3 to 6 years.
Care in captivity
Terrarium, the aquarium-like container with the lid open, ideal for keeping anole, since it will thus maintain the heat and humidity that is necessary to preserve the health of anole. Overall, the tank capacity of 37.8 liters is enough for two anoles. Green anole can be kept singly or in groups of several females and one male. Two or more males kept together without adequate roominess may have the defense of the territory and fight.
The substrate, a material that is at the bottom of the interior, should be similar to the natural substrates anole accustomed. This includes slightly moistened moss or peat moss. Moss can be laid to a height of 2.5 cm. Another method is to use the land in the amount of 2.5 – 5 cm covered with bark mulch.
Zoning and furniture
Green anole loves to climb and the sun, so the trunks and branches should be provided. Entering shelter in the form of stones will be good for anole if there is more than one in the same area. Small plants should be provided, plants that are not toxic in this space will provide humidity, cold, and a sense of security and aesthetic pleasure. Dracaena, Ficus Benjamin, and hibiscus are good choices. Make sure the plants are not treated with pesticides and that the country does not contain vermiculite, pesticides, fertilizers and wetting agents. Take a shower plant sprayer with water and carefully water the few times until the part where the water overflowing from the pot, that will release toxic chemicals that can be used. Holding purchased plants elsewhere in the house for some time before placing it inside where anole staying will also be helpful.
Glass cages, even those with a net at the top, should never be used if it is provided with natural sunlight. Glass cages will retain heat and can cause fatal high temperatures. After sunset, the best source of light is a combination of visible light from fluorescent lighting or electrical, and UVB light special black light bulb for reptiles or combination lamps.
Maintaining a clean environment for the green anole is very important. The interior of the cages, bowls for food and water, fixed parts, as well as parts of the whole installation should be regularly cleaned in order to preserve the health of anole.
Anole is cold-blooded and requires extra heat for proper digestion of food. If the reptile cold, can not properly digest food, are much more likely to get sick. Lizards require different temperatures in the area in which they reside, and that if they’re cold, they can be moved to the warmer end of the cage, and vice versa. You should use two thermometers, one inside and one outside the zone for heating, to track temperature during the night and day.
The primary source of heat
It is necessary that the primary source of heat keeps the temperature of the entire cage in the proper range. Day temperatures are supposed to be between 23.8-27.7 ° C in the range of 12-14 hours per day. A few electric bulbs above the cage is one of the best sources of light. During the night, the temperature should be lowered to below 18.3 ° C. During the night should turn off these lights, and it may be necessary other heat source depending on the temperature in a given environment. Warming plate placed beneath the cages, ceramic infrared emitters heat panels, or much more expensive night-light bulb for reptiles that produce heat, but less visible light may be used. For larger spaces, or separated heater thermostat can be used to maintain the optimum room temperature. It should set the fire alarms in areas where the use of light or other sources of heat.
A secondary source of heat
During the day, the city heating with warming light should be provided, and the temperature should be in the range of 29.4-32.2 °C during the day. A secondary source of heat should cover only 25-30% of the cage area. Secondary heat source can be electric bulb 50-75 watts on a ceramic basis, provided so that the animal can not touch it. There are also special “bulbs deck“. Any type of light which would be to illuminate part of the “sun” out of the cage. Do not use hot rocks as a source of heat.
Visible white light
In addition to heating, electric lamps also provide visible white light. The combination of fluorescent and incandescent lamps can be used for the purposes of the visible light to all parts of the cage for a period of 12-14 hours a day.
In addition to heat and white light, anole must have access to natural light for good health. Therefore, they need a certain range of ultraviolet (UV) light, known as UVB. UVB is needed anole, to produce vitamin D. Neither artificial lighting can not be measured with the sun and the amount of UVB that it produces, so when you are outside on a sunny day the temperature above 21.1 °C, move your anole out in the cage of a network with flip, which can be locked.
Provide some shade or zone to hide inside the cage. UV rays do not penetrate through the glass, so anolakoja be moved on sunny sims behind the closed window, receives UV rays.
If the green anole does not have access to natural sunlight, a special black lights are used, to ensure UVB lighting. These black lamps for reptiles are not black neon tubes, which are used for the lighting of fluorescent minerals, psychedelic posters, and paraphernalia (often called BLB light). Fog fish / aquarium, as well as lights for the “growth” of plants, whether fluorescent or electricity, do not produce UVB. It is necessary to black light, which emits light in the range of 290-320 nanometers. The bulbs that produce UVB only, and bulbs that produce UVB combination of white and light are available. These UVB bulbs should be replaced every six months.
Remember that UV light does not penetrate through glass, so when using UVB light sources, the top of the cage should be the wire that is not too thin. It is recommended that UVB light source is not less than 45.7 cm from the part where anole spends most of its time, optimal 25.4-30.4 cm.
Parts that are lit by electric warming lamp and UV light should be folded. If anole spends most of his time warming under electric lamps, and UV light is at the other end of the cage, will not have any benefit from it.
Green anoles is generally required 12-14 hours of light and 10-12 hours of darkness. Visible light and UVB light source should be turned off during the night to anole was essential day-night cycle. As mentioned above, additional heating may be necessary to add.
To conclude, it will need a few light bulbs, some for heating, some for white illumination and some of the UVB light.
Water and humidity
In the wild, green anole drinking water to the leaves. Spraying leaves of the plants into the cage will provide a sufficient amount of water that is required for their consumption. Shallow water container should also be provided, as will probably want to drink from it. To help them learn to drink from a container with water, place the bottle from which water will drip into the pan. This gentle sound of dripping water will attract anole.
In the wild, green anole eat crickets, spiders, cockroaches, moths and larvae. Anole primarily insectivorous, so they would be provided with live food. Size of food should not be higher than half of the head anole. It is also important that food that is given stocked with all the nutrients that the anole balanced diet. This may be achieved by treating the varied diet and food supplements. Supplements including multivitamins and minerals, as well as the preparations of calcium in the form of sprays, powders, which will spray the insects. Some anole will occasionally enjoy a piece of fruit.
Temperament and carrying
When not searching for food, anole spends much time basking in the sun. If properly, nurture, anole can live peacefully and quietly together. Males anole, however, show territorial behavior when placed with other males. This behavior is often aggressively, with the clear blue fan-shaped neck and a slight inflation of the head and body. Aggressive behavior rarely as a result of a physical assault, but if they keep very close, biting the nose and dorsal spikes can occur.
Some anole can get used if gently worn, although for most of the anole wearing very stressful. Make sure that the anole adjusted to their new home before they’re worn. Be consistent in the way of wearing anole and remember that before she relies on you, rather than what you were going to keep. If you raise the tail, can reach the breaking (tail will be separated from the body, which is called autotomy), but will slowly rise again.
It is important to wash your hands before and immediately after wearing anole to prevent the potential transmission of bacteria and viruses from you on anole and vice versa.
Anole will simply breed in captivity if the conditions are met. It seems that mating has to do with the photoperiod or daylight. Increase the photoperiod during the spring and summer months with the increase in temperature and humidity that play a role when it comes to reproduction anole.
Reproductive behavior is often similar to behavior that is seen in aggressive males. These include bloating head, showing cervical range or other body movements. When female suits, shouts his head and the male will seize her neck with his mouth.
Green anole are oviparous, and lay their eggs. Females usually do not prepare the nest, although they may make a small hole in the ground with his nose, and place the eggs in the recess. From the late spring and in the summer, the females put one egg (rarely two) every two weeks in a damp place. Eggs can be moved or left in the vivarium with adults. If you move, the eggs should be placed on the damp surface and cover. They should be kept at a temperature of 27.7-29.4 ° C and check once a week to make sure that the surface moist. Incubation of the eggs takes less than two months, about 35 to 40 days.
The juveniles are about 5 cm in length. They eat a lot more than adults, and they must be given plenty of fine fresh food treated with supplements.