Green tree python, (Morelia Viridis), and Emerald Tree Boa, (Corallus caninus), the kind that are often kept as pets, and both belong to the family Boidae. Incredibly are similar and both are predominantly green.
Natural habitats Green tree python from Australia’s northern Cape York Peninsula to New Guinea and surrounding islands. They can reach a length of 160-180 cm and pythons can have blue, white or yellow spots, depending on the occupation, but the stains are variable. Green tree python can be mostly or completely yellow, and some females may become blue during pregnancy. Despite the variations that can be seen in both species, no subspecies has not yet been described.
Emerald arboreal boa from the northern parts of their natural habitat from Guiana and Suriname can be 160-180 cm long and have a broken white line and irregular white patches on the lower back. Emerald Tree Boa from Amazon is longer (180-220 cm) and has a proper white line, irregular white spots, and yellow ventral scales on it. Emerald arboreal boa from Amazon has a small, less detailed and more numerous rocks on his head. Also, these snakes originating from the Amazon is rarely found among collectors in captivity.
And Green tree python and the Emerald Tree Boa undergoing ontogenetic discoloration. Emerald arboreal color is usually born red and turns green, however, some are born and green. Green tree python is born yellow or red. Often the red newborns become yellow, then green.
Care in captivity (Green tree python & Emerald Tree Boa)
Arboreal (tree inhabitants) habitats of these snakes make their requirements a little specialized. They will need a cage that is taller than their width. Cages should be firmly secured lids. They should have at least two sides made of mesh in order to maintain fresh air; High sensitive arboreal Snakes are in the stale air. The interior should be simple design to facilitate cleaning.
Of appropriate substrates include newspapers, baking paper, artificial turf, aspen, orchid bark… Newspapers and baking paper are cheap, easy to Maintain and there is no danger that they will warn the snake if swallowed. Bark orchids and cypress well retain moisture and help to keep the humidity high, prevents the growth of mold and fungi, and look nice, however, if you use these substrates, the snake will feed into separate containers since they will not be able to digest this type of material .
Landscaping and ‘Furniture’
The cage should be equipped with several horizontal twigs of different width and are positioned at several heights. The cut parts of PVC pipe can be a good substitute for the twigs, and easy to maintain.
The appropriate temperature for these snakes is supposed to be somewhat lower than for other neotropical Boidem (other members of the family Boidae). Daily temperature gradient should be in the range of 24-28 ° C with a part of the sun of 30 ° C, while the night temperature should be reduced to 22-24 ° C. It should provide a lamp that will serve as warming the body (above the terrarium) or emitters of heat, but not the bottom.
Water and humidity
Neotropical snakes require high humidity (80-90%) for the proper molds and respiratory function. Large containers with water, fogging, and moisturizer can help to maintain the humidity in the proper range.
These snakes have a very slow metabolism. They should be fed one meal appropriate size on a weekly basis unless medical circumstances warrant otherwise. Some adult specimens will food be required only once a month. Meal appropriate size will make a lump in the snake, which will remain there for at least 24 hours. Overeating can lead to obesity and often constipation. In the wild, eating Green tree python involves feeding reptiles and mammals – mostly young people eat reptiles, mammals, and adults. These snakes do not eat a lot of birds, as is commonly thought. In captivity, these snakes feed on domestic mice and rats. It is recommended that frozen food as they live rats may injure the snake. Frozen food should not be used for 6 months after freezing.
Green tree pythons mate and lay eggs throughout the year. However, most of the intercourse for both types is happening from November to January in the northern hemisphere. The daily temperature of 24 ° C and the night’s pad at 17 ° C will stimulate intercourse. Ovulation can be recognized by the lump in the middle of the body within a period of 8 – 24 hrs. After ovulation, females undergo postovulatory coating that lasts 20 to 30 days. Green tree pythons lay eggs around 20-24 days after postovulatory coating. Hatchlings will hatch after 40-50 days if incubated at a temperature of 31 ° C with 100% humidity (However, eggs should remain relatively dry). Mali, an elevated container with moss is an ideal place to which the Green tree pythons lay eggs.
Gravid females emerald arboreal boa will bask in the intense temperature of 30-32° C, giving birth to young people around 100-110 days after ovulation, there is a possibility that it will go through more than one coating cycle after ovulation.
The most common diseases
Green tree pythons and Emerald Tree Boa can be easily disturbed, which makes them susceptible to various diseases.
Very low temperature and humidity can make them susceptible to respiratory infections. Clinical symptoms include grinding, difficulty breathing, excessive mucus in the mouth, and leakage of secretions from the nose. In addition to determining the susceptibility to bacterial and fungal culture (leading to regular treatment with antimicrobials), you should make changes, and with an adequate maintenance. Chlamydia is recorded until recently as the beginning of respiratory infections in Emerald Tree Boa.
Gastrointestinal problems such as anorexia, diarrhea, constipation and regurgitation are common in these snakes, especially when imported species. Imported snakes can be stressed out, can carry the large quantities of parasites and to be anorexic for them. Emerald Tree Boa are quite susceptible to cryptosporidiosis, which is manifested as chronic regurgitation. Constipation can be a result of dehydration due to snake absorb more water to stay hydrated and faeces are dried and harder to pass. Constipation can also be the result of overeating as previously mentioned. Stress can make it nonpathogenic protozoa pathogens.
The disease of the whole body is a viral disease caused by what is currently considered a retrovirus that attacks Boidem. The virus causes a neurological disease, regurgitation, and may cause secondary pneumonia. At the moment, there is no serological test. Current therapy suggests a biopsy of the esophagus, liver, kidney, pancreas as the best antemortem (before death) diagnosis. Complete blood counts should also be done. Infected snakes can not be cured, and it is recommended euthanasia.
The problem with the coating is a common problem in snakes. It is primarily caused by low humidity, although it may be due to the infestation of nits, poor diet, and improper wearing during the molting cycle. Snakes with this disorder should soak in warm water for about 30 minutes, then rub gently with a towel to remove bits of skin. Eyelids that were left should be carefully removed, but it is recommended to do a seasoned, which will prevent corneal injury.
Neoplasia was observed in all reptiles, and lymphoma and lymphosarcoma were observed in Green tree python.