Leopard gecko is a beautiful lizard, can be adapted to a small terrarium of about 37.8 – 57 L, is quite durable and requires very little care professional. In short, will rarely find a better kind of the lizard-yourself beginner and today, leopard geckos have different versions “designed color“, so they are able to meet different aesthetic demands of the future owners.
Leopard gecko is a lizard of the genus Eubelpharidae. It is a primitive type, which includes primary terrestrial members, who share some of the features are as well developed and fully functional eyelids (geckos other families usually do not have eyelids), but also the lack of foot pads, which is very typical of most gecko family Gekkonidae. Geckos of the genus Eublepharine have vertical pupils ellipsoid, which is quite a spread in the dark.
All geckos from the family Eublepharine have caudal division units which are arranged in whorls visible. Usually, there is a primary constriction and in that place is the fragile tail. Tail rapidly regenerated or regenerated tail differs from the original, in shape, and thus per color. The most commonly regenerated tail has the form of beet or balls, has irregular notches and is often paler than the original. Tracery like the adult leopard geckos are usually dark and in clear contrast with the paler base color. Stains are usually the most dorsal part of the head and on the tail.
In young to very dark brown intersects with primary yellow. Dark bars are spread for years and depend on the size of the gecko, a yellow base color often fades to straw-colored. Adult specimens retained at least traces of previous day in her life.
Leopard gecko today with her husband easy to obtain (although sometimes costly) designed in different colors and patterns.
Among others, we have:
– High-yellow – very close to the “normal” leopard geckos, but with lighter yellow base color, often with reduced dark spots.
– Hyperkinetic – This is the phase of “high red, high yellow” – in other words, these geckos are shielded primary light yellow and have reduced dark markings. This phase some breeders referred to as “the spirit of the leopard gecko“.
– Mandarin – The name describes the great stage.
– Pastel – again are hobbyists choose a name that is highly descriptive. The basic color is overflowing with patterns. Markings on the head and tail are standard.
– Lavender – Before narrow, reduced and brown, dark bars and spots on this form are wide, striking, purple-blue colors.
– Striped – This form has wide, light bar in the midst of the back, which is usually bordered by a conspicuous dark pigment. Lateral line may also be present. Even the tail has stripes that are located along the spine, but they are often uneven and may be less defined than the stripes on the hull. The basic color may be yellow or tangerine.
– Snow – In this gecko is yellow or orange base color replaced with white. It has a red flare. The brightest individuals (those in which the black margins reduced to a minimum) are most preferred.
– Jungle – This colorful form has obtrusive patterns on stripes and ribbons.
– Leucistic – Leucistic leopard geckos are bright yellow to cream color, with ash-gray tail, unmarked and ash-gray head which often lacks a large number of spots. They usually have dark marks on the hull, and the growths are gray-white.
– Albino – More often than completely white, this interesting phase characterized by a noticeable but muted, colors, and prop her and pink eyes. Albinism is still popular, and often multiply lizards this stage.
– Blizzard – completely white.
Leopard geckos are capable advertising. Their repertoire creaking and clicking is most prevalent in males in battle.
The size and lifespan
The full size of the gecko is between 18 and 30 cm. It is a life-sized gecko, who lives between 15 and 22 years with proper care in captivity.
Leopard gecko inhabits rocky areas of Pakistan and India. It’s a nightmare, terrestrial species.
Care in captivity
Since the leopard geckos are not very active, their terrarium can be relatively small. Although they we happy to provide a larger space, a terrarium capacity 37.8 L is large enough for single males or two females. A perfect match and plastic boxes of jumpers and blankets. Given that adult male very territorial, more than one should not be kept in the same cage.
The substrate for your terrarium leopard gecko can contain about 2.5 – 5.1 cm of sand, small pebbles, calcium sand, or other similar materials. Several boxes to hide from plastics or bark should be provided geckos. Cylindropuntia skeletons can make nice places to hide, as well as visual barriers. If you decide to put and desert plants – succulents, as well as any of the slow growing Sansevieria and Howorthia, could be an excellent choice – terrarium should be well lit during the day.
Plants should be planted directly into the substrate terrarium, but it will still be easier to leave in their pots, a pot can bury into the substrate. This way is easier, it is often better, how to plant, and for you because it will allow you to easily replace the plant if it becomes necessary. Fluorescent bulbs and “plant growth” are better for plants from cold white or other, which are often used for household lighting. Also, fluorescent lamps emit less heat than incandescent lamps. Desert plants have to be watered, but usually only moderately. Too much watering can harm plants, both as too little watering. As always, the experience will be the best teacher.
While the plants require light, geckos – such nocturnal species – will not.
Furniture in the cage must be securely fastened or laid on the lower glass terrarium. If the furniture is moved to the top of the sand, your gecko can dig next to him, and cause injury.
In the United States it is precisely leopard geckos most proliferate, and at the same time belong to the most popular types of lizards in Europe and Asia.
Adult male leopard geckos have preanal larger pores than females. Geckos should be cooled about 60 days during the winter period. The temperature at the bottom of the cage of 18 ° C overnight and 22 °C during the day will be sufficient. During that period should reduce the external light. This is a period of reduced activity and feeding and does not hibernate.
After two months, warm up the geckos and feed them. Give them crickets, flour worms, and other insects, as well as newborn pink mice. Female leopard gecko will make four to seven nests with two eggs during each mating season. Usually proposes to take about 2.5 cm moderately moist mixture of peat and sand to lie down eggs. In the morning, after laying eggs, would be best to place them in an incubator, and the temperature set at 29 – 30.5 °C.
It is important that moisture content in the incubator is the corresponding check – neither too dry nor too wet, because the eggs or dehydrated. The ratio of 6:4 vermiculite and water to ensure good humidity in the incubator. You can also set up a shallow dish with water on top vermiculite to ensure a relative humidity close to 100% constant hydration. The eggs should be placed on top vermiculite or buried about halfway. It would be best that the eggs do not turn on their longitudinal axis when moving.
Since the leopard geckos belong to the reptile with temperature-dependent sexual determination, the temperature in the incubator during the first quarter will determine the sex of the embryo. Recommended temperature of 29 – 30.5 °C will be suitable for both sexes. Warmer temperatures will produce mainly females and males warmer. Although the mortality of embryos really great at high temperatures, the eggs that survive temperatures above 32 °C will not produce males, but a large, robust, aggressive, “super-females“.
Other geckos with similar needs
Many related geckos, including striped gecko (Coleonyx sp.) From the southwestern United States, Mexico, and northern Central America, will be properly developed in a terrarium with the conditions that correspond to leopard geckos. Others, not so popular species such as geckos and a helmet (Gekkonia), various geckos with gnarled tail (Nephrurus) and the Namib geckos (Chondractylus) would also be good candidates for these terrariums.