For many people, the Siamese cat is the highest beauty and of all breeds, it is probably the most recognizable thanks to their markings – colored ears, mask, ‘socks’ and tail – the lighter body, all prominent glistening, piercing blue eyes. Siamese kittens, when the litter completely white and color labels and develop very gradually.
Siamese cat comes up frequently in art and literature of ancient Siam (now Thailand), and boasts genuine oriental – and exotic – originating. More than 100 years after it appeared in the West, Siamese cat has remained one of the most popular breeds as a pet and cat for exhibition. There are many theories about the origin of Siamese cats – including those who say that it is related to Egyptian and Manx cats – but it is generally accepted that the Siamese species that existed in the ancient city Ayudha, which was founded in 1530 and was the capital city Šije until 1767 when it was conquered by the Burmese.
Among the artifacts and manuscripts, rescued the city and today housed in the National Library of Thailand in Bangkok, is the most famous – and for many, the most beautiful – book of poems about cats. It is not known exactly when it was written, but it could be between 1350 and 1750 years.
This manuscript describes a beautiful Siamese cat light fur with black markings and accompanying verses speak of their black tails, feet and ears, and a characteristic reddish glow of their eyes at night.
These cats with markings were not the only species that existed in Ayudham: other domestic cats were recorded in manuscripts include Si-Siwat (Korat cat) and supalak, but it seems that cats with labels were especially prized, and were held in temples and royal palaces.
In 1884 King sjam donated two Siamese cats chief British consul in Bangkok, and his sister were taken to England in 1885 and displayed at the Crystal Palace. However, there are indications that the Siamese cat appeared in Britain in the first real exhibition cats 1 871 years – then described as “unnatural nightmare of a cat ‘! When the first Siamese cats arrived in Europe were followed by exotic stories, or have an invention, in order to explain their squinting eyes and curled tail.
According to the story, cats in the sacred temple were responsible for night guarding the Buddha’s sacred vases. To be secure that nothing will happen to cats by their tails tightly wrapped vase and stared intently at her, even their tails become bent and eyes crossed!
According to another legend, the ladies at the court of their jewels confiding cats to care – at night they were put rings on their tails, so they become bent to the rings would not occur. The scientific explanation for walleye and bending the tail based on genetic discoveries. Today, walleye and arched tail are considered defects, and selective breeding are largely removed from the breed.
Despite initial reactions to the appearance of Siamese cats in 1871, soon became very popular and desirable pasimna. It is very difficult to breed because they are not particularly strong and often suffer from feline enteritis (potentially fatal virus that damages the intestinal mucosa, but against whom there is no vaccine), and have respiratory problems.
But despite the difficulties, the Siamese cat to the end of the 19th century spread Britain, and America arrived in the late 19th century. The first standard for the breed were written in 1892. People who are among the first to write about the breed, they argued that the ancient cats were imported two types of Siamese cats, but she light body with marks – they called royal cat of Siam – was a favorite among cat lovers.
Another type is described as ‘chocolate with tags’ – body brown with darker markings. In 1896 in Britain, Mr. Spearman, who recently returned from Siam, the exhibition showed a cat with blue markings, but was disqualified by judges – just a famous painter of cats, Louis Wain!
According to some reports, this is a Siamese cat with blue markings actually a monochrome blue, like the Korat cats, but in the late 19th century, however, registered Siamese cat with blue markings. In the twenties of the 20th century started to appear in the United States and recognized by the CFA in 1932, but in the UK officially recognized just 1936th.
Siamese cat purple label is the result of pc-to combine genes for blue diluted and chocolate-brown color, and in the US, has recognized the fifties and sixties in Britain.
Many associations are recognized only cat lovers Quartet color – Siamese cat with black, blue, chocolate and purple markings. Some argue that the only true Siamese cat that she has blue eyes and a black mark!
Nevertheless, introduced many new colors – sometimes called Siamese, sometimes’ short-haired with tags (Colourpoint). The first of these colors, which was accepted was red, and then followed turtles labels – now grown in black, blue, chocolate and purple – and then cream and striped markings, or lynx (lynx) tags, as they are called in the US -u.
In the seventies the discovery of inhibitory genes responsible for silver hair in cats, meant that it was possible to breed Siamese cat silver-striped markings. The result of genetic research on hair color made it possible to obtain other versions.
Regardless of the color of their label, all Siamese cats share extroverted and voice characteristics typical of this beautiful breed. Special for its appearance – slim and graceful body, long head with slanted eyes and fine muzzles, longer than the last forelegs, and long tail that tapers towards the top and is not bent – Siamese cats are also special and in character.
They are the noisiest, most playful, najtemperamentnije, the most intelligent and the most demanding cats. But above all, they are the most attached to the cat, and for many fans, the most beautiful of all cats that you walked on the earth.